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Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

Fuel cell power and heat generation at the hospital

The energy of the future in critical infrastructure

Two people in blue hospital clothing in front of a hospital bed and many monitors

When people think of innovation at hospitals, they usually think of new medicines or operating techniques. But innovation at the Hermann Josef hospital (HJK) in Erkelenz, Germany, has another dimension. Here, a sustainable, hydrogen-based energy supply is being established using decentralized fuel cell systems (solid oxide fuel cells, or SOFC) from Bosch. This pioneering project is part of the Helmholtz Cluster (HC-H₂) at the Jülich national research institute, and is being conducted in partnership with Hydrogenious LOHC NRW GmbH, which developed the new H₂ storage technology.

A lot of energy for a day’s work

A woman in sterile blue hospital clothing in front of monitors and a glass wall of a medical treatment room
Jessica Rama, nursing team leader of the cardiac catheterization laboratory at the Hermann Josef hospital, checks the vital functions of a patient in the control room.

It’s a normal start to the day’s shift for Jessica Rama, head of the nursing team of the cardiac catheterization laboratory at the Hermann Josef hospital in Erkelenz. The hospital and its 400 beds provide health services to roughly 20,000 inpatients and 40,000 outpatients annually.

People with cardiac issues are treated here. Sophisticated technology detects vascular occlusion in the heart, and the specialists can widen vessels that have become constricted. As Jessica puts it, “Here we can give people back their health and quality of life.”

Portrait of Jessica Rama with blue hospital clothing and colorful headscarf

Having a reliable power supply is essential for us here at the hospital.

Jessica Rama, team leader of the cardiac catheterization laboratory at the HJK in Erkelenz, Germany

Like elsewhere in the hospital, the technology in the laboratory is highly sophisticated and complex, and a lot of energy is needed to power it. The electricity supply needs to be reliable and uninterrupted.

“Of course, this means that our carbon footprint is enormous,” she adds. But the hospital’s management is on the lookout for new solutions that will enable the enormous energy demands to be reliably met without taking a toll on the climate. With its SOFC systems, Bosch is a partner that can supply the product and expertise to enable exactly this.

Two hospital employees in blue work clothes in a cardiac catheterization laboratory
Where cardiac procedures are concerned, a reliable energy supply is vital. Monitors show a view into the heart.

The vital importance of a stable supply

“Having a reliable power supply is essential for us here at the hospital,” Jessica says while showing us the cardiac catheterization laboratory. “If the power fails, a person could end up dying within seconds.”

The Hermann Josef hospital has immense energy needs: per year, it consumes 2.95 million kilowatt-hours of electricity. But Bosch’s fuel cell system is now ready for operation and set to usher in a new chapter. The aim is to demonstrate over the next few years how such a vitally important energy supply can be made climate neutral. When run at full capacity, the pilot SOFC system from Bosch can meet roughly 20 percent of the entire hospital’s electricity needs, in the process reducing its carbon footprint. This is because a fuel cell generates electricity and heat out of hydrogen and oxygen, with the only by-product being water, not carbon dioxide.

Jessica Rama in blue hospital clothing with headscarf and face mask in front of a hospital bed and medical devices
In order to meet hospitals’ enormous power requirements and achieve climate neutrality, a sustainable energy supply is needed.
Five SOFC units roughly two meters high with a dark front and Bosch logo standing next to each other
Depending on energy needs, multiple Bosch SOFC systems can be hooked up to each other. Here at the Hermann Josef hospital, ten units with a total output of 100 kW have been installed.

Jessica leads us across the courtyard to a low-rise building. There, directly next to the main building, stand ten futuristic-looking Bosch SOFC units, each almost two meters high. They can generate climate-neutral energy out of hydrogen.

This area falls under the purview of Tomasz Königs, a mechanical engineer by trade and the hospital’s technical manager, who together with his team is responsible for ensuring the supply of heat and electricity. He will also be the one putting the Bosch SOFC system into operation.

“We get most of our electricity from the public power grid, and this power is generated from lignite,” he explains. “The rest is contributed by a cogeneration plant running on natural gas.” We hear the latter rumbling in the background.

Blurred side profile of Tomasz Königs, taken from slightly below, in front of a Bosch SOFC system
Tomasz Königs, the hospital’s technical manager, standing in front of one of the Bosch fuel cells that will generate the facility’s future energy supply.

Technology for the energy transition

“We want to move away from fossil fuels,” Tomasz says emphatically. “Climate neutrality is an important vision for our hospital, especially in view of our enormous power consumption and our location here in the middle of the Rhine lignite region.”

Jessica can attest to this from her own experience: “I grew up nearby in Immerath, a town that was razed to make way for an open-pit mine.” A secondary site of the Hermann Josef hospital was also located there. It’s difficult to think of a more fitting — and more striking — contrast between fossil fuels and renewable energy.

Tomasz Königs, sitting in the middle of large steel tubes, inspecting the heat supply lines
Tomasz Königs visually inspects the heat supply lines. This sophisticated system requires continuous monitoring and regular maintenance.
Portrait of Tomasz Königs, technical manager of the Hermann Josef hospital (HJK) in Erkelenz

Our hospital could become a role model for sustainable energy supply.

Tomasz Königs, technical manager of the Hermann Josef hospital (HJK) in Erkelenz

The Bosch fuel cell modules will not be meeting the hospital’s entire energy needs overnight. The system will run on natural gas at first, transforming it into hydrogen through a chemical process, until sufficient hydrogen from climate-neutral production is available. But even this first step will result in a 20-percent improvement in the hospital’s carbon footprint compared to the energy mix from the grid in this lignite region. “Our hydrogen project with Bosch’s SOFC system is a pilot,” Tomasz emphasizes. “We can say to other hospitals, look, it works!”

And that’s precisely the objective. By the time the project — which is supported by the German federal research ministry — wraps up in 2026, the partners want to demonstrate that major facilities can be supplied with energy that is both climate neutral and reliable using fuel cell technology.

The energy supplied will not be only electrical energy, either. The Bosch SOFC system generates both electricity and heat with an overall efficiency of up to 90 percent. The heat it generates can be fed into the hospital’s local heating grid.

For Tomasz, the next few years promise to be exciting: “Our hospital could become a role model for sustainable energy supply.”

Tomasz Königs operating the air conditioning control unit for the hospital’s operating rooms
Tomasz Königs at the air conditioning control unit for the hospital’s operating rooms. The ventilation system alone accounts for around 30 percent of the hospital’s electricity consumption.

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